For all interaction processes between the ice and structure that occur within a fluid domain, the effect of hydrodynamics are present. For the current SAMS implementation, aside from the basic buoyancy of all bodies, the hydrodynamic forces, including the force due to the propeller flow, upon each individual ice floe and the structure are assigned explicitly, and ice drift simulations are possible given wind and/or current conditions. In addition, wave–ice interactions in the multi-body simulation domain is also implemented. This enables a wide range of Arctic engineering applications where the hydrodynamic force plays an important role.

Related demos: